The book "Philip II of Macedonia: Greater than Alexander" (Richard A. Gabriel, Potomac Books, 2010) is a surprisingly entertaining read, for a book about ancient history. It also has relevance today's power politics of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Green debt crisis.
Gabriel makes the case that Philip II of Macedon laid down the military, economic and political policies which were then followed by his far better known son Alexander the Great.
Having visited some of the places mentioned in the book, it was fascinating to hear about their role in Phillip's campaigns. Delphi retains much of the atmosphere of a sacred place, whereas Thebes does not appear to have recovered from the Macedonia attack on it. Thessaloniki has more in common with Istanbul than with Athens.
Gabriel argues that Phillip was motived to protect Macedonia, by military and political means and this resulted in a national federation of the Greek states and Macedonia. In effect Gabriel argues that the Greek state is a Macedonian invention, the individual ancient Greek city state being too fractious to unite without an external threat.
With the Greek financial crisis, it may be time to rethink what are suitable political units for the Eastern Mediterranean. It would not be politically acceptable to dismember Greece and transfer the northern region to an independent Macedonia and the eastern islands to Turkey, even if this makes economic and cultural sense. However, a looser Greek federation (like the former city states), within the European Union, might be acceptable. This would allow the different parts of the country to be decoupled economically from each other and integrated with the economies of neighboring countries.
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